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Burkina Faso:New Rulers,Closed Borders 01/25 06:08

   People in Burkina Faso awoke to a new military-led junta Tuesday, after 
mutinous soldiers ousted democratically elected President Roch Marc Christian 
Kabore and seized control of the country.

   OUAGADOUGOU, Burkina Faso (AP) -- People in Burkina Faso awoke to a new 
military-led junta Tuesday, after mutinous soldiers ousted democratically 
elected President Roch Marc Christian Kabore and seized control of the country.

   Days of gunfire and uncertainty in the capital, Ouagadougou, ended Monday 
evening when more than a dozen soldiers on state media declared that the 
country is being run by their new organization, the Patriotic Movement for 
Safeguarding and Restoration.

   "Today's events mark a new era for Burkina Faso. They are an opportunity for 
all the people of Burkina Faso to heal their wounds, to rebuild their cohesion 
and to celebrate what has always made us who we are: integrity," said Capt. 
Sisdore Kaber Ouedraogo.

   Many residents of the capital appeared pleased by the coup and celebrations 
were planned for Tuesday, but regional African leaders and international bodies 
condemned the military takeover.

   The junta closed the borders, imposed a curfew, suspended the constitution 
and dissolved the government and parliament and said it would return Burkina 
Faso to constitutional order, but did not specify when. The soldiers said the 
overthrown president is safe, but did not reveal where he is being held. A 
publicly circulated resignation letter signed by Kabore said that he was 
quitting his office in the best interest of the country.

   The coup comes after months of growing frustration at the Kabore 
government's inability to stem a jihadist insurgency that's wracked the 
country, killing thousands and displacing 1.5 million people. However, it's 
unclear what might change under the new junta, as the ill-equipped military has 
struggled to battle the jihadists linked to al-Qaida and the Islamic State 

   "A simple change in leadership is unlikely to turn the tide," said 
Constantin Gouvy, a Burkina Faso researcher who works for the Netherlands-based 
Clingendael Institute. "What we do know though is that some of the mutineers' 
demands include better material and reinforcements, better training and better 
handling of the wounded and families of fallen soldiers. Essentially, they are 
asking for a better hierarchy that listens to their concerns."

   While not much is known about the new leaders, they appear young and are 
said to be within the higher ranks of the lower level tier of officers. The new 
apparent leader, Lt. Col. Paul Henri Sandaogo Damiba, is a published author in 
his early 40s and was recently promoted by Kabore.

   One mutinous soldier who insisted on anonymity for his security told The 
Associated Press that younger officers who had experienced war needed to run 
the country, rather than older ones who had never used their guns outside of 
military training, in a nation that had never previously seen fighting. He said 
the younger men might not have governance experience but they could learn. The 
junta is now meeting with religious and community leaders as well as the 
previous government to discuss a way forward, he said.

   To some in Burkina Faso, the soldiers' youth is one of the reasons they 
believe they'll be able to succeed.

   "If you look at those who have taken power they seem to be younger and we 
hope they will bring younger ideas, bring better ideas than we have seen up 
until now," said Aliou Ouedraogo, a resident of Ouagadougou.

   Meanwhile, the international community has condemned the takeover. The West 
African regional bloc known as ECOWAS, demanded that the soldiers return to 
their barracks and urged dialogue with the authorities to resolve the issues. 
United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres called on coup leaders to put 
down their arms.

   A western diplomat in Ouagadougou who was not authorized to speak on the 
matter said the military takeover would have serious implications for Burkina 
Faso's relationships with international partners and could negatively impact 
the country's security and development, including receiving international aid.

   The U.S. State Department said it was deeply concerned by events in Burkina 
Faso, calling for restraint by all actors, adding that it would be carefully 
reviewing the events on the ground for any potential impact on assistance.

   "We condemn these acts and call on those responsible to deescalate the 
situation, prevent harm to President Kabore and any other members of his 
government in detention, and return to civilian-led government and 
constitutional order," said a statement from department spokesman Ned Price 
issued late Monday. "We acknowledge the tremendous stress on Burkinabe society 
and security forces posed by ISIS and JNIM but urge military officers to step 
back, return to their barracks, and address their concerns through dialogue."

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